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    Apple Cells on a Microscope Slide

    Stained Apple Cells Specimen

    Observing Apple Cells with a Microscope:

    Observe the apple cell specimen at 40X to 100X magnification with the biological microscope. You can observe and image or draw the following structures: cell wall, chloroplasts, vacuoles, colourful red anthocyanin pigmentation, and tonoplasts (vacuolar membrane). 

    About Apples:

    The apple tree (Malus pumila, commonly and erroneously called Malus domestica) is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit, the apple. It is cultivated worldwide as a fruit tree, and is the most widely grown species in the genus Malus. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have religious and mythological significance in many cultures, including Norse, Greek and European Christian traditions.

    Apple trees are large if grown from seed. Generally apple cultivars are propagated by grafting onto rootstocks, which control the size of the resulting tree. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Different cultivars are bred for various tastes and uses, including cooking, eating raw and cider production. Trees and fruit are prone to a number of fungal, bacterial and pest problems, which can be controlled by a number of organic and non-organic means. In 2010, the fruit's genome was sequenced as part of research on disease control and selective breeding in apple production. Worldwide production of apples in 2014 was 84.6 million tonnes, with China accounting for 48% of the total.

    Some information in this copy may have been obtained from the online resource: Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

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